Self-Discrepancy Theory and Human Motivation

 I read Higgin's 1998 article entitled  Promotion and prevention: Regulatory focus as a motivational principle. The link to that reading is here . The link to the article itself is here .  Higgin's contributes to Motivational research by pointing out an important distinction accounting for the mixed results associated with the classic Motivational equation--i.e. that X Motivation = Expectancy of success x the Value of the goal to the person.  Worth the read as it will add your understanding of the pleasure vs. pain polarity underlying this key feature of human motivation--i.e. promotion of gain (seeking / approaching pleasure) and/or the prevention of loss (avoidance / pain / risk of harm reduction).  This line of research is consilient with attachment theory's emphasis on the regulatory features of different styles of attachment--i.e. secure flexible, anxiety underregulated, avoidant over regulated and disorganized as dysregulated. See for example  Calkins, S. D., & Le

The Self and Psychopathology: Dr. James Husen reads from Kyrios et al.'s book

  I think the consensus among psychologists that the self is essential to regulation of emotion. Furthermore, regulation of emotion has emerged as a general factors in most of the psychological disorders detailed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (2013). We are calling this the p factor. 1. Chapter 1, The Self in Psychological Disorders: An Introduction 2. Chapter 2, 

Shame and Guilt in Neurosis: Dr. Husen reads H. B. Lewis' seminal article

  Generally speaking, guilt tends to be helpful and leads to personal growth and positive change. This is because "in guilt, the self is negatively evaluated in connection with something, but is not itself the focus of the experience." When it comes to shame; however, shame tends to be about one's identity. (Lewis, H. B. (1971). Shame and guilt in neurosis. Psychoanalytic Review, 58(3), 419-438) I read the entire article for your edification at the following link: Lewis, H. B. (1971). Shame and guilt in neurosis. Psychoanalytic Review, 58(3), 419-438 For your read the article yourself click the following Link: I do notice that a lot of the research on Shame and Guilt took place in the late seventies and early eighties. I haven't been seeing much in the literature these days

Baumeister, Meanings in Life, Read by Dr. Husen

 1. Lack of Value and Justification

Dr. Husen reads from Flaskas and Pocock, Working with Emotional Systems

 I've been studying Systems Theory, Attachment, and Psychoanalysis as it relates to Family Conflict and how to ameliorate or help such families. I thought I would leave some of my readings on my Blog for others and myself: 1.      Pocock on Working with Emotional Systems 2.     

Dr. Husen reads Dr. Sigmund Freud's "Formulations on the two principles of mental functioning".

  I have been studying human development and writing a little piece thereon lately. In my studies I was reminded of Freud's "Formulations on the Two Principles of Mental Functioning" If desired you can listen to me read the entire paper--it's not long. Just click the link below highlighting Freud's title for his paper: Freud, S. (1911) Formulations on the Two Principles of Mental Functioning. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud 12:213-226 The essence of the the paper is captured in the following quotes:

Winnicott, D. W. (1965). The Capacity to be Alone

In some of my studies this morning I was reminded of the great pediatrician D. W. Winnicott and his observations of children and the capacity to be alone as associated with emotional maturity. I therefore thought I would read that short chapter. The link and reference for the work is as follows: Winnicott, D. W. (1965). The capacity to be alone (pp. 29-35). In M. M. R. Khan (Ed.), The maturational processes and the facilitating environment: Studies in the theory of emotional development. M. M. R. Khan (Ed.). London: Hogarth Press. Original article published in 1958.